Early examples of tax can be the window tax, this was a property tax calculated by the number of windows in a house. During the 18th and 19th centuries in England, France, Ireland, and Scotland. The tax was introduced to supplement for the losses caused by clipping of coinage during the reign of William III. During this time many people in Britain opposed the income tax idea, as it was a threat to their liberty and seen as an unacceptable government intrusion into private matters.
In 1747, a house with 14 windows had to pay 6d. per window, and 15-19 9d., exceeding 20 would have been 1s. The tax was raised six times between 1747 and 1808. The window tax was relatively easy to assess and collect as windows are clearly visible from the street. However, from 1718 there was a decline in revenue raised by the tax due to windows being blocked up or houses were built with fewer windows. People bricked-up window spaces to avoid the tax, you may come across houses that still remain with bricked-up windows today.
Another interesting tax is the Land Value Tax you can read this article here by The American Affairs Journal.